Researchers from the National University of Singapore have turned tofu whey into an alcoholic beverage in what is believed to be a world first.
Named Sachi, the beverage made from tofu whey, a liquid that is generated from the production of tofu and is often discarded.
The fermentation technique also enriches the drink with isoflavones, which are antioxidants that have many health benefits, the research team said.
The creation of Sachi was initiated a year ago by Associate Professor Liu Shao Quan and his PhD student Chua Jian Yong.
“The traditional way of manufacturing tofu produces a large amount of whey, which contains high levels of calcium and unique soya nutrients such as isoflavones and prebiotics. Hence, disposing tofu whey is wasteful,” said Mr Chua.
“Very little research has been done to transform tofu whey into edible food and beverage products. I had previously worked on alcohol fermentation during my undergraduate studies in NUS, so I decided to take up the challenge of producing an alcoholic beverage using the whey. The drink turned out to be tasty, which is a pleasant surprise.”
Turning waste into alcohol
One of the most common methods of producing tofu is by curdling freshly boiled soya milk, cooling it, and pressing it into a solid block. During the pressing process to remove excess water, tofu whey is generated.
However, when tofu whey is discarded as an untreated waste, it creates environmental pollution as the protein and soluble sugars in the whey could contribute to oxygen depletion in the waterways.
In contrast, upcycling tofu whey can be a means of generating economic returns for businesses.
“The health benefits associated with soy products, coupled with changing preferences towards vegetarian diets, have fuelled the growth of tofu production,” said Assoc Prof Liu.
“As a result, the amount of tofu whey has also increased proportionally. Alcoholic fermentation can serve as an alternative method to convert tofu whey into food products that can be consumed directly. Our unique fermentation technique also serves as a zero-waste solution to the serious issue of tofu whey disposal.”
Under the guidance of Assoc Prof Liu, Mr Chua took about three months to come up with a unique recipe to make an alcoholic beverage from tofu whey.
He first made fresh soya milk from soybeans, and then used the soya milk to make tofu. In the course of making tofu, he collected the whey. Sugar, acid and yeast were added to the tofu whey, and the concoction was fermented to produce the alcoholic beverage.
Mr Chua also designed a novel fermentation technique which utilises the tofu whey fully without generating any waste. The whole process of making the alcoholic beverage takes about three weeks.
The team has filed a patent for the novel process of making Sachi, and they are looking to collaborate with industry partners to introduce the drink to consumers.